Chapter_07

Chapter_07 - chapter 7 Group and Team Dynamics Session...

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7 Group and Team Dynamics chapter
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Session Outline Group and Team Dynamics What Is a Group? Theories of Group Development Group Structure Creating an Effective Team Climate Social Support Individual and Team Performance in Sport Transition or Disengagement for Teams
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Group and Team Dynamics Why study groups? “Talent wins games, but teamwork wins championships.”—NBA great Michael Jordan “Teamwork is the essence of life.”—NBA coach Pat Riley Almost any position in the sport and exercise field requires understanding of the processes and dynamics of groups. To understand behavior in sport and physical activity, we must consider the nature of sport and exercise groups.
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What Is a Group? Group Two or more people who interact and exert mutual influence on each other and share the following characteristics: A collective sense of identity Distinctive roles Structured modes of communication Group norms
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Theories of Group Development The linear perspective The cyclical (life cycle) perspective The pendular perspective
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The Linear Perspective Forming Familiarization, formation of interpersonal relationships, development of team structure Storming Rebellion, resistance to the leader and to control by the group, interpersonal conflict (continued)
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The Linear Perspective ( continued) Norming Development of solidarity and cooperation; group conflicts resolved Performing Channeling of energies for team success
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The Cyclical (Life Cycle) Perspective Development of groups is similar to the life cycle—birth, growth, and death. Emphasis is on the terminal phase of the group’s existence. As the group develops, it psychologically prepares for its own breakup. This model is especially relevant for physical activity (exercise) groups and recreation teams that last 10 to 15 weeks.
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The Pendular Perspective Shifts occur in interpersonal relationships during the growth and development of groups. Groups do not progress through linear
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course EXSS 181 taught by Professor Hedgepeth during the Summer '09 term at UNC.

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Chapter_07 - chapter 7 Group and Team Dynamics Session...

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