Chapter_09 fixedforclass-1

Chapter_09 fixedforclass-1 - chapter 9 Leadership What Is...

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9 Leadership chapter
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What Is Leadership? Leadership “The behavioral process of influencing individuals and groups toward set goals” (Barrow, 1977, p. 32)
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Leaders Versus Managers Leaders and managers A manager takes care of such things as scheduling, budgeting, and organizing, whereas a leader provides vision and is more concerned with the direction of an organization, including its goals and objectives.
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How Leaders Are Chosen Appointed or prescribed leaders Individuals appointed by some authority to a leadership position (e.g., health club manager, coach, head athletic trainer) Emergent leaders Individuals who emerge from a group and take charge (e.g., captain of an intramural team, student leader of an exercise class)
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Functions of Leaders Ensuring that the group meets its goals and objectives Ensuring that group needs are satisfied
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Approaches to Studying Leadership Trait approach Behavioral approach Interactional approach
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The Trait Approach Key question What personality characteristics are common to great leaders? Results Leaders have a variety of personality characteristics. There is no particular set of personality traits that make a leader successful.
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The Behavioral Approach Key question What are the universal behaviors (not traits) of effective leaders? Leaders in nonsport settings Successful leaders use both consideration (focus on friendship, mutual trust, respect) and initiating (focus on rules, goals, and objectives) structures.
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The Behavioral Approach Leaders in sport—instruction and demonstration Effective coaches focus on the positive while providing clear feedback and technical instruction.
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The Behavioral Approach Coach versus peer leaders Coaches exhibit mostly training and instruction and autocratic behavior. Peer leaders display social support, positive feedback, and demographic behavior.
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The Behavioral Approach Leaders in sport—reactive and spontaneous behaviors CBAS (Coaching Behavior Assessment System) Facilitating positive coaching behaviors (frequent use of reinforcement and mistake- contingent encouragement) ensures greater enjoyment, higher self-esteem, and lower dropout rates in young athletes.
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course EXSS 181 taught by Professor Hedgepeth during the Summer '09 term at UNC.

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Chapter_09 fixedforclass-1 - chapter 9 Leadership What Is...

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