Chapter_12

Chapter_12 - chapter 12 Arousal Regulation Why Regulate Arousal Athletes who dont effectively cope with stress may experience decreases in

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12 Arousal Regulation chapter
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Why Regulate Arousal? Athletes who don’t effectively cope with stress may experience decreases in performance as well as mental and physical distress. Athletes need to be able to regulate arousal to stay focused and in control.
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Self-Awareness of Arousal You must increase your awareness of your psychological states before you can control your thoughts and feelings. Once you are aware of your optimal arousal, you can employ arousal regulation (reduction, maintenance, induction) strategies. How individuals cope with anxiety is more important than how much anxiety they experience.
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Self-Awareness of Arousal “It’s not a case of getting rid of the butterflies, it’s a question of getting them to fly in formation”—basketball coach Jack Donahue Compared to non-elite athletes, elite athletes see their anxiety as facilitative rather than debilitative.
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Anxiety Reduction Techniques Somatic anxiety reduction Progressive relaxation: Learn to feel the tension in your muscles and then to let go of the tension.
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Anxiety Reduction Techniques Somatic anxiety reduction Breath control When you are calm, confident, and in control, your breathing is smooth, deep, and rhythmic. When you are under pressure and tense, your breathing is short, shallow, and irregular.
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Anxiety Reduction Techniques Somatic anxiety reduction Biofeedback Becoming more aware of your autonomic nervous system and learning to control your physiological and autonomic responses by receiving physiological feedback not normally available
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Anxiety Reduction Techniques Cognitive anxiety reduction Relaxation response teaches individuals to quiet the mind, concentrate, and reduce muscle tension by applying the elements of meditation.
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Anxiety Reduction Techniques Cognitive anxiety reduction Autogenic training A series of exercises designed to produce two physical sensations—warmth and heaviness —and, in turn, produce a relaxed state
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Anxiety Reduction Techniques Multimodal anxiety reduction packages Cognitive–affective stress management training (SMT) Teaches a person specific integrated coping responses using relaxation and cognitive components to control emotional arousal
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Four Phases of Stress Management Training 1. Pretreatment phase (assess skills and
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course EXSS 181 taught by Professor Hedgepeth during the Summer '09 term at UNC.

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Chapter_12 - chapter 12 Arousal Regulation Why Regulate Arousal Athletes who dont effectively cope with stress may experience decreases in

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