Chapter_14 - chapter 14 Self-Confidence Session Outline...

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14 Self-Confidence chapter
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Session Outline Defining Self-Confidence Benefits of Self-Confidence Levels of Confidence How Expectations Influence Performance Self-Efficacy Theory (continued)
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Session Outline (continued) Sources of Efficacy Modeling and Effective Demonstrations Assessing Self-Confidence Building Self-Confidence
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Defining Self-Confidence Self-confidence The belief that you can successfully perform a desired behavior. Self-confidence can be both dispositional and statelike.
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Defining Self-Confidence Dispositional self-confidence The degree of certainty individuals usually have about their ability to succeed State self-confidence The belief of certainty that individuals have at a particular moment about their ability to succeed
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Aspects of Self-Confidence in Sport Vealey and Knight (2001) Confidence about one’s ability to execute physical skills, utilize psychological skills, employ perceptual skills (e.g., make good decisions), be fit and highly trained, and improve one’s skill (learn).
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Defining Self-Confidence Self-fulfilling prophecy Expecting something to happen actually helps cause it to happen. Negative self-fulfilling prophecy This is a psychological barrier whereby the expectation of failure leads to actual failure.
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Benefits of Self-Confidence Arouses positive emotions Facilitates concentration Affects the setting and pursuit of challenging goals Increases effort Affects game strategies (play to win versus play to lose) Affects psychological momentum Affects performance
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Levels of Confidence Optimal confidence This involves being so convinced that you will achieve your goals that you strive hard to do so. Lack of confidence Self-doubts create anxiety, break concentration, and cause indecisiveness.
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Levels of Confidence Overconfidence (false confidence) Confidence out of proportion to actual ability causes you to prepare less than you need to in order to perform.
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Optimal Confidence, Underconfidence, and Overconfidence Adapted, by permission, from R. Martens, 1982, Imagery in sport. Unpublished paper presented at the Medical and Scientific Aspects of Elitism in Sport Conference.
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Self-Confidence Model
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How Expectations Influence Performance Key One’s expectations play a critical role in the behavior change process. Positive expectations of success produce positive effects in many fields, including sport.
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How Expectations Influence Performance Self-expectations and performance The expectation of beating a tough opponent or successfully performing a difficult skill can produce exceptional performance as psychological barriers are overcome.
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How Expectations Influence Performance Coaches’ expectations and performance A teacher’s or coach’s expectations can alter a student’s or athlete’s feelings and performance.
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