Chapter_15

Chapter_15 - chapter 15 Goal Setting Session Outline...

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15 Goal Setting chapter
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Session Outline Defining Goals and Types of Goals Why Goal Setting Works Principles of Goal Setting Group Goals Designing a Goal-Setting System Common Problems in Goal Setting
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Defining Goals and Types of Goals Subjective goals General statements of intent such as having fun or doing your best Objective goals (scientific definition) Attaining a specific standard of proficiency on a task, usually in a specified time
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Defining Goals and Types of Goals Outcome goals Focus on a competitive result of an event (e.g., beating someone) Performance goals Focus on achieving standards of performance or objectives independently of other competitors—usually making comparisons with one’s own previous performance
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Defining Goals and Types of Goals Process goals Focus on the actions an individual must engage in during performance to execute or perform well
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Outcome, Performance, and Process Goals in Behavior Change Outcome, performance, and process goals all play a role in behavior change. The key is knowing where to focus each goal. Don’t focus all your attention on outcome goals. Use a combination of all three types of goals.
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Outcome Goals in Behavior Change Outcome goals can facilitate short-term motivation but often lead to anxiety before and during competition.
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Performance Goals in Behavior Change Performance and process goals are more precise than outcome goals and less dependent on the behavior of others. Performance and process goals are particularly useful before or during competition (on rare occasions). Too much focus on a specific performance goal (e.g., running a personal best) can create anxiety.
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Process Goals in Behavior Change Process goals have all the advantages of performance goals.
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The Importance of Subjective Goals Subjective goals are not the focus of sport and exercise psychology research, but they are useful. Considerable attention has been paid to subjective goals in the personal productivity and applied business management literature.
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The Importance of Subjective Goals Key Identify and clarify personal values and priorities via subjective goals and then link subjective goals to specific objective goals.
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Research in business and general psychology
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course EXSS 181 taught by Professor Hedgepeth during the Summer '09 term at UNC.

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Chapter_15 - chapter 15 Goal Setting Session Outline...

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