Chapter_16-1

Chapter_16-1 - chapter 16 Concentration What Is...

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16 Concentration chapter
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What Is Concentration? Key Concentration = attention.
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What Is Concentration? Concentration The mental effort placed on sensory or mental events. It is the person’s ability to exert deliberate mental effort on what is most important in a given situation.
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What Is Concentration? Four components of concentration Focusing on relevant environment cues: Selective attention: selecting what cues to attend to and disregard Maintaining attentional focus Situation awareness: The ability to understand what is going on around oneself (to size up a situation) Shifting attentional focus when necessary
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Association–Dissociation Associative attentional strategy: monitoring bodily functions and feelings, such as heart rate, breathing, muscle tension. Dissociative attentional strategy: not monitoring bodily functions; distraction and tuning out. It is best to think of association and dissociation as a continuum versus a simple dichotomy.
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Selected Research Findings on Association–Dissociation Associative strategies are generally correlated with faster running performances. Runners use both associative and dissociative strategies. Dissociation does not increase probability of injury, but it can decrease fatigue and monotony. Dissociation should be used by individuals who want to increase adherence to exercise.
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Concentration and Optimal Performance Elite athlete peak performance is associated with being absorbed in the present and having no thoughts about past or future, being mentally relaxed and having a high degree of concentration and control, and being in a state of extraordinary awareness of both the body and the external environment.
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Differences Between Experts and Novices in Attentional Processing Experts as compared to novice performers make faster decisions and better anticipate future events, attend more to movement patterns, search more systematically for cues, selectively attend to the structure inherent in sport, and are more skillful in predicting ball flight patterns.
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Information Processing Based Theories and Models of Attention Single channel: Information is processed through a
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Chapter_16-1 - chapter 16 Concentration What Is...

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