Chapter_18

Chapter_18 - chapter 18 Exercise Behavior and Adherence...

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18 Exercise Behavior and Adherence chapter
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Session Outline Why Study Exercise Behavior? Why Exercise Behaviors and Adherence Are Important Reasons to Exercise Reason for Not Exercising The Problem of Exercise Adherence (continued)
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Session Outline (continued) Theories and Models of Exercise Behavior Determinants of Exercise Adherence Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise Settings for Exercise Interventions Guidelines for Improving Exercise Adherence
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Why Study Exercise Behavior? Despite the current societal emphasis on fitness, a small percentage of children and adults participate in regular physical activity.
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Why Exercise Behavior and Adherence Are Important • Only 10% to 25% of American adults are active enough to maintain or increase cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness levels. • Physical activity levels begin to decline at about age 6 and continue to decline throughout the life cycle until retirement, where leisure activity tends to increase. • Among adults, 30% do not participate in any physical activity. • Among American adults in 2000, 19.8% (40 million) were considered obese as compared to 12% in 1991. (continued)
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Why Exercise Behavior and Adherence Are Important (continued) Among Americans, 64% were seen as overweight. Among American adults, 56.4% were considered overweight in 2000 as compared to 45% in 1991. Among youths from 12 to 21 years of age, 50% do not participate regularly in physical activity. Among children and adults, 25% report no vigorous physical activity. Among adults, only 10% to 15% participate in vigorous exercise regularly (three times a week for at least 20 minutes). (continued)
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Why Exercise Behavior and Adherence Are Important (continued) • Of sedentary adults, only 10% are likely to begin a program of regular exercise within a year. • Among both boys and girls, physical activity declines steadily through adolescence from about 70% at age 12 to 30 to 40% by age 21. (continued)
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Why Exercise Behavior and Adherence Are Important (continued) • Among women, physical inactivity is more prevalent than among men, as it is among blacks and Hispanics compared with whites, older adults compared with younger ones, and the less affluent compared with the more affluent. • Of people who start an exercise program, 50% will drop out within 6 months.
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Reasons to Exercise Weight control (counter obesity epidemic) Reduced risk of cardiovascular disease Reduction in stress and depression Enjoyment Building self-esteem Socializing
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Reasons to Exercise Key Exercise combined with proper eating habits can help people lose weight; but weight loss should be slow and steady, occurring as changes in exercise and eating patterns take place.
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Key Both the physiological and psychological benefits of exercise can be cited to persuade sedentary people to initiate exercise. Maintenance as well as initiation of physical
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Chapter_18 - chapter 18 Exercise Behavior and Adherence...

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