Chapter_20

Chapter_20 - chapter 20 Addictive and Unhealthy Behaviors...

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20 Addictive and Unhealthy Behaviors chapter
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Session Outline Eating Disorders Defining and Understanding Eating Disorders Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Sport Predisposing Factors Recognition and Referral of an Athlete With Eating Problems Dos and Don’ts for Dealing With Eating Disorders Preventing Eating Disorders in Athletes and Coaches (continued)
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Session Outline (continued) Substance Abuse Substance Abuse Prevalence of Substance Abuse in Sport Why Athletes and Exercisers Take Drugs Major Drug Categories and Their Effects Preventing and Detecting Substance Abuse (continued)
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Session Outline (continued) Addiction to Exercise Defining Exercise Addiction Positive Addiction to Exercise Negative Addiction to Exercise Symptoms of Negative Addiction to Exercise Preventing Negative Addiction to Exercise (continued)
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Session Outline (continued) Compulsive Gambling Prevalence of Sports Gambling Characteristics of Compulsive Gamblers Signs of Compulsive Gambling Gamblers Anonymous 20 Questions
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Defining and Understanding Eating Disorders Anorexia nervosa A psychological disease characterized by an intense fear of becoming obese, a disturbed body image, a significant weight loss, the refusal to maintain normal body weight, and amenorrhea.
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Characteristics of Anorexia Nervosa Weight loss to 15% below normal Intense fear of gaining weight or being fat, despite being underweight Disturbance in one’s experience of body weight, size, and shape Females: absence of at least three consecutive expected menstrual cycles (APA, 1994)
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Understanding Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia is potentially deadly; it can lead to starvation and other medical complications such as heart disease. Affected individuals don’t see themselves as abnormal.
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Defining and Understanding Eating Disorders Bulimia An episodic eating pattern of uncontrollable food bingeing followed by purging, characterized by an awareness that the pattern is abnormal, fear of being unable to stop eating voluntarily, depressed mood, and self-deprecation.
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Understanding Bulimia Condition is severe but less severe than anorexia. Bulimia can lead to anorexia. Bulimic individuals are aware that they have a problem.
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Characteristics of Bulimia Recurrent binge eating A sense of lacking control over eating behavior during the binges Engaging in regular self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives or diuretics, strict dieting or fasting, or vigorous exercise in order to prevent weight gain Average minimum of two binge-eating episodes a week for three months Persistent overconcern with body shape and weight (APA, 1994)
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Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Sport Accurate assessment is difficult to achieve for a variety of reasons: Fear of being dropped from program Questionable accuracy of studies (assessment problem) and data must be viewed with caution
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Research on the Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Sport
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course EXSS 181 taught by Professor Hedgepeth during the Summer '09 term at UNC.

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Chapter_20 - chapter 20 Addictive and Unhealthy Behaviors...

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