Chapter_21 - chapter 21 Burnout and Overtraining Session...

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21 Burnout and Overtraining chapter
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Session Outline Prevalence of Burnout and Overtraining Defining Periodized Training, Overtraining, Staleness, and Burnout Frequency of Overtraining and Staleness Models of Burnout Factors Leading to Burnout (continued)
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Session Outline (continued) Symptoms of Overtraining and Burnout Measuring Burnout Burnout in Sport Professionals Treating and Preventing Burnout
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Prevalence of Burnout and Overtraining As the pressure to win increases, athletes and coaches spend more time training and feel more stress—which sometimes leads to overtraining and burnout.
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Periodized Training Periodized training The deliberate strategy of exposing athletes to high-volume and high-intensity training loads that are followed by a lower training load (a rest or taper)
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Overtraining Overtraining A short cycle of training during which athletes expose themselves to excessive training loads that are near maximum capacity
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Overtraining Keys One athlete’s overtraining might be another athlete’s optimal training regimen. The process of overtraining can result in positive adaptation and improved performance (positive overtraining) or maladaptation and decreased performance (negative overtraining).
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The Overtraining Process Adapted from G. Kentta, 2001, "Toward a cognitive-affective model of athletic burnout," Journal of Sport Psychology 9(1): 40.
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Staleness Staleness The physiological state of overtraining in which the athlete has difficulty maintaining standard training regimens and can no longer achieve previous performance results
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Burnout Burnout A psychophysiological response due to frequent but generally ineffective efforts to meet excessive demands, involving a psychological, emotional, and sometimes physical withdrawal from an activity in response to excessive stress or dissatisfaction
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Characteristics of Burnout Exhaustion, both physical and emotional, in the form of lost concern, energy, interest, and trust Depersonalization—acting impersonal and unfeeling—in large part due to mental and physical exhaustion Feeling of low personal accomplishment, low self-esteem, failure, and depression— often visible in low job productivity or a decreased performance level
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Frequency of Overtraining and Staleness
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