Chapter_22

Chapter_22 - 22 Children and Sport Psychology chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: 22 Children and Sport Psychology chapter Session Outline The Importance of Childrens Sport Psychology Why a Psychology of the Young Athlete? Why Children Participate in Sport Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport Role of Friends in Youth Sport (continued) Session Outline (continued) Stress and Burnout in Childrens Competitive Sport Effective Coaching Practices for Young Athletes Role of Parents The Importance of Childrens Sport Psychology Some of the most important implications of sport psychology are found in the childrens sport arena, where participants are plentiful and are highly involved. Why a Psychology of the Young Athlete? So many children are involved (an estimated 45 million in the United States). Children are intensely involved in youth sport. Participation peaks at a critical developmental period in the childs life (age 12). Organized sport is not automatically beneficial; qualified, competent adult leadership is needed. Why Children Participate in Youth Sport Children have different reasons for participating in sport (have fun, improve skills, get exercise, be with and make new friends, compete) Boys and girls have similar motives for involvement but these may vary in importance. (See Motives for Participation in Youth Sports on p. 515 of text.) Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport Participation statistics Peak participation occurs between the ages of 10 and 13 years. For every 10 children who begin a sport season, 3 to 4 quit before the start of the next season. Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport Motives for withdrawal Major reason: Other things to do Some negative reasons (e.g., Not as good as I wanted to be; Boredom; Didnt like the pressure) cited by some children Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport The importance of perceived competence Children with low perceptions of their athletic abilities drop out or do not participate in sport, whereas children with high perceptions of their competence participate and persist. Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport Adapted, by permission, from D. Gould, and L. Petlichkoff, 1988, Participation motiveation and attrition in young athletes. In _Chaildren in sport, 3rd ed., editated by F. Smoll, R. Magill, and M. Ash (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics), 161-178. Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport Sport-specific dropouts withdraw from a particular program but enter into other sports. Sport-general dropouts withdraw from all sport participation. Sport-general dropouts are a special concern. Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport Key Understand underlying motives for withdrawal. Why Children Discontinue Participation in Sport Summary Most of the motives children have are intrinsic (e.g., to have fun, learn skills)....
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course EXSS 181 taught by Professor Hedgepeth during the Summer '09 term at UNC.

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Chapter_22 - 22 Children and Sport Psychology chapter...

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