PSCIExam1Review - PSCI Exam Review...

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PSCI Exam Review American Government and Politics Politics Characteristics of American Democracy Politics:   The making of common decisions by some group of people (i.e. majority) that involves the exercise of power by some members over others.  Who gets what, when, how. Government:  A societal institution that has monopoly of legitimate use of physical force.  An institution authorized to exercise force to control human behavior.  are made for society. Services Provided by Governments  Government typically provides services, collect taxes, and maintain order.  (Including: school, garbage pickup, roads, protection, general social welfare services, establish and enforce norms of behavior). Many Americans are frustrated with government.  Healthy attitude? Because government has ability to coerce, it is natural to distrust and fear it. So, why have governments? Do we really need  them? Types of Governments 1. Tyranny- power is vested in a single ruler who rules in his or her   interests . 2. Monarchy- power is vested in a single ruler who rules in the interests of the  populace . (i.e Queen,/king, etc.-pass down through hereditary). 3. Ogligarchy- power is vested in the hands of small number of individuals who rule in the interest of themselves. 4. Aristocracy- power is vested in the hands of a small number of individuals who rule in the interest of the populace. (i.e. family-governing; Cuba- Castro). 5. Government by the many. Types of Democracy Democracy: system in which governmental power is widely shared among the citizens, usually through free and open elections. (equality in  voting, citizen control of the agenda). Direct democracy: ordinary people are the government and making all laws themselves. (i.e. town meeting hall).  Representative democracy (RD): form of indirect democracy in which the people choose representatives. - Delegate style: type of RD in which ordinary citizens participate activately and closely constrain the actions of public officials.(represent people  interest-constituents) - Trust style: citizen play passive role. Choose representative, but do not tell them what to do (trust to do the job/citizens best interest). Characteristics of American Democracy: Political equality: one person, one vote
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course PSCI 1040 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '07 term at North Texas.

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PSCIExam1Review - PSCI Exam Review...

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