GenPsychDevelopment2 - Lecture Outline Social and emotional...

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Lecture Outline Social and emotional development. Erikson’s life stages. Infant attachment. Aging. Facing death. Gender. Family. Life-Span Development Erikson’s (1963) psychosocial stage theory: 0-18 mos. Basic trust Vs. Mistrust 2-3 yrs. Autonomy Vs. Doubt 3-6 yrs. Initiative Vs. Guilt 7-11 yrs. Industry Vs. Inferiority Adolescence Identity Vs. Identity confusion Adulthood Intimacy Vs. Isolation Middle age Generativity Vs. Stagnation Later years Integrity Vs. Despair Infancy: Attachment The enduring emotional tie between child and caregiver. Attachment involves: Desire of the child to be close to the caregiver. A sense of security around the caregiver. Feelings of distress when the caregiver is absent. Measuring Attachment The Strange Situation: Parent and child (12-18 months of age) enter a room with toys. After a while, a stranger enters the room. Then, the parent leaves for a short period. Finally, the parent returns to the room. To measure attachment, researchers observe: The child’s use of the parent as a safe base for exploration. The reaction of the child to the parent’s departure and return.
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Attachment Patterns The Strange Situation reveals 4 patterns of attachment styles: Secure : Child welcomes the mother’s return and seeks closeness to her. Anxious
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course PSYCH 01:830:101 taught by Professor Jknight during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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GenPsychDevelopment2 - Lecture Outline Social and emotional...

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