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Unformatted text preview: iv. Thus DAN base sequesnce must determine protein amino acid sequence through a genetic code v. Three bases make a codon e. Degenerate, but not ambigueous III. Structure of RNA a. Polynucleotide chain like DNA b. Sugar is ribose c. Oh on c2 d. U replaces t e. Molecule is single stranded through loops f. Synthsis if RNA i. Players NUCleotide triphosphate substrates (ATP,CTP, GTP< UTP) ii. Enzyume (rna polumerase) iii. DNA template to direct the sequence of bases iv. Polymerized g. Initiation i. RNA polymerase uncoils the DNA in a small segment ii. Adds 2 nucleotide striphosphates together iii. Moves along the dna chain adding nucleoside triphosphates h. Termination i. It falls of DNA ii. Result 1. One RNA polynucleotide chain 2. Base sequence determined by template strand (identical to the non template strand)...
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