November 20, 2008 Chapter 3-1 Structure and Principles Vocabulary: 1. article-1 of 7 divisions of the body of the Constitution 2. Jurisdiction-the authority of a court to rule on certain cases 3. Supremacy clause-statement in Article VI of the Constitution establishing that the Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the US “shall be the supreme Law of the Land” 4. Amendment-a change to the Constitution 5. Popular sovereignty-rule by the people 6. Federalism-a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments 7. Separation of powers- the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of gov 8. checks and balances-the system where each branch of gov exercises some control over the others 9. veto-rejection of a bill 10. judicial review-the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national gov unconstitutional Notes: Structure of Constitution--3 parts-Preamble-introduction, states why it was written-gov that would provide stability and
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