chaoter 4-1

chaoter 4-1 - December 4, 2008 Chapter 4-1 National and...

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December 4, 2008 Chapter 4-1 National and State Powers Vocabulary: 1. delegated powers- powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national government 2. expressed powers- powers directly stated in the Constitution 3. implied powers- powers that the gov requires to carry out the expressed constitutional powers 1. elastic clause-clause in Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out the powers expressed in the other clause of Article 1 2. inherent powers- powers that the national gob may exercise simply because it is a gov 3. reserved powers-powers that belong strictly to the states 4. supremacy clause-statement in Article VI of the Constitution establishing that the Constitution laws passed by Congress and treaties of the US “shall be the supreme law of the land” 5. concurrent powers-powers that both the national government and states have 6. enabling act-the 1 st step in the state admission procedure which enables the people of a territory to prepare a constitution Notes: The Division of Powers- -Constitution divided gov authority by giving the national gov certain specified powers, reserving all other powers to the states or to the people -national and state gov share some powers -constitution denied some powers to each level of gob National Powers- -3 types of power 1. Expressed Powers -powers directly expressed or stated in the Constitution -most powers found in the 1 st 3 articles of the constitution -ex. Power to levy and collect taxes, coin money, make war, raise an army and navy, and regulate commerce among the state 2. Implied Powers -powers that the national gov requires to carry out the powers that are expressly defined in the Constitution are implied -not specifically listed, spring from and depend upon the expressed powers -ex. Power to draft people into the army is implied
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2009 for the course HIST 120 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at Maryland.

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chaoter 4-1 - December 4, 2008 Chapter 4-1 National and...

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