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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 LECTURE 16 UTILITARIANISM 2 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Two parts:  A Theory of The Good: A theory of what kinds of states of affairs (ways the world could be) are intrinsically good.  Impartial Maximizing Consequentialism: The morally right action in a given situation is that available action which maximizes the total amount of good in the world. Any other action is morally wrong. UTILITARIANISM – REVIEW 3 • Assessment of arguments for impartial maximizing consequentialism • Assessment of arguments against impartial maximizing consequentialism OUR AIMS 2 4  Mill’s Argument in Chapter 4 of Utilitarianism  Appeal to self-evidence  Appeal to cases ARGUMENTS FOR UTILITARIANISM (IMC) 5  Desiring something shows that it is desirable.  The only thing that each person ultimately desires is his or her own happiness. ____  Therefore, the only thing that is ultimately desirable for a person is his or her own happiness. (From  and ) ____  Therefore, each person should perform those actions that promote the greatest happiness. MILL’S ARGUMENT 6 [A]  is not true. Desir ed and desir able are not the same. [B]  is false if the hedonistic theory of the good is false. [C!]  does not follow from . The fact that something is good for a person doesn’t mean that the total amount of good is a good (or the only good) for the person....
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2009 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Pust during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.
- Spring '08