lecture18 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 18 KANTS...

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1 1 LECTURE 18 KANT’S MORAL THEORY 1 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) Our focus will be on his Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (1785). Fundamental idea: Moral obligation does not depend upon God, human authorities, or human preferences. It depends only upon reason. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 3 A non-consequentialist moral theory is one which claims that right and wrong are not determined only by the value of the consequences of actions. Kant’s theory is notoriously difficult, but it is clearly non-consequentialist. NON-CONSEQUENTIALIST THEORY - REVIEW
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4 Kant begins with a search for "the highest good," good in itself and good without any qualification. Not intelligence. Not pleasure. The good will is the only good without qualification. THE GOOD WILL 1 5 What makes a will good? Not the consequences of the willing but the manner of the willing. S has a good will = S acts out of respect for moral laws. THE GOOD WILL 2 6 S acts in accordance with principle P = S does something consistent with what P prescribes. S acts out of respect for principle P = S does something solely for the reason that what s/he is doing is consistent with what P prescribes. Acting morally is acting out of respect for the
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2009 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Pust during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

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lecture18 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 18 KANTS...

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