lecture19 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 19 KANTS...

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1 1 LECTURE 19 KANT’S MORAL THEORY 2 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Maxim: I will neglect everything needed to develop my talents. Universalization: Everyone will neglect everything needed to develop his/her talents. Kant claims this can be conceived a universal law, but it cannot be willed by a rational being because [a] I have ends/goals and [b] since I will those ends I must will the means to the ends. THIRD CASE: SELF-DEVELOPMENT 3 Maxim: I will do nothing to help the needy. This maxim fails the universalization test. Universalization: Everyone will do nothing to help the needy. No one can consistently act on such a maxim since everyone must will that they themselves be helped if in need. FOURTH CASE: AID TO OTHERS
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2 4 I must, as a non-self-sufficient person will: [1] I be helped if I am in need. The universalization of my non-helping maxim is [2] Everyone does nothing to help those in need. But [2] implies that I will [3] I not be helped if I am in need. AID TO OTHERS - DETAIL 5 You cannot consistently and in full rationality adopt the maxim of doing nothing at all to help others. While you can imagine a world in which everyone acts on that maxim, you cannot rationally will it. This is not to say how much you must help others in need. When and whom you help is also left undetermined. AID TO OTHERS - THE POINT
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2009 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Pust during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

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lecture19 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 19 KANTS...

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