lecture21 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 21 MORAL...

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1 1 LECTURE 21 MORAL SKEPTICISM INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Moral skepticism = the view that we have no good reason to believe any moral claim. Moral nihilism = there are no objective moral truths/facts. MORAL SKEPTICISM 3 If moral skepticism is correct then - we have no good reason to think that gratuitous murder is wrong. - we have no good reason to think that torture of an innocent is wrong. - we have no good reason to think that we are required to maximize our own happiness. etc. IMPLICATIONS OF MORAL SKEPTICISM
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4 [1] Argument from moral nihilism. If there is reason to think that that there are no moral facts, then (if one is aware of the reason) one cannot rationally believe any moral claim. [2] Argument from disagreement. We cannot rationally believe moral claims because other (reasonable) people disagree. [3] Harman’s argument. We cannot rationally believe in moral facts because they don’t play any role in explanations of our observations. ARGUMENTS FOR MORAL SKEPTICISM 5 Harman’s Thesis: Moral principles cannot be tested or confirmed in the way that scientific principles/theories can be tested or confirmed. AND This is means moral claims cannot be "tested against the world." HARMAN’S MAIN CLAIM 6 Principle P: If you are given a choice between five people alive and one dead or five people dead and one alive, you should always choose the first option. Confirming Case?: The Triage Doctor
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lecture21 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 21 MORAL...

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