lecture20 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 20 VARIETIES...

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1 1 LECTURE 20 VARIETIES OF EGOISM INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Ethical Egoism = morality requires that each person always act so as to maximize their own well-being. Psychological Egoism = each person is always ultimately motivated only by a desire to maximize their own well-being. Rational Egoism = rationality requires that each person always act so as to maximize their own well-being. THREE KINDS OF EGOISM 3 Each egoism comes in strong and weak versions: Ethical - morality requires/permits Psychological - people are always/sometimes motivated Rational - rationality requires/permits STRONG AND WEAK EGOISMS
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4 Consequentialist Moral Theory – A theory which claims that moral right and wrong are determined only by the value of the consequences of actions. Nonconsequentialist Moral Theory – A theory which claims that moral right and wrong are not determined only by the value of the consequences of actions. TWO KINDS OF MORAL THEORY – REVIEW 5 [1] A Theory of The Good : A theory of what kinds of states of affairs (ways the world could be) are intrinsically good. [2] Impartial Maximizing Consequentialism : The morally right action in a given situation is that available action which maximizes the total amount of good in the world. Any other action is morally wrong. UTILITARIANISM – REVIEW 6 [1] A Theory of The Good [2] Self-Interested Maximizing Consequentialism : The morally right action in a given situation is that available action which maximizes the total amount of good for the actor . Any other action is morally wrong. ETHICAL EGOISM
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lecture20 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 20 VARIETIES...

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