lecture23 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 23 FREE WILL...

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1 1 LECTURE 23 FREE WILL 2 INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY 2 Determinism vs. Indeterminism Incompatibilism vs. Compatibilism REVIEW 1 3 Two Traditional Incompatibilisms [A] Hard Determinism – Incompatibilism is true and determinism is true, so we lack free will. [B] Libertarianism – Incompatibilism is true and we have free will, so determinism is false. REVIEW 2
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2 4 Two Main Arguments for Incompatibilism : [a] The Argument from Alternative Possibilities. [b] The Argument from Ultimate Responsibility. TWO ARGUMENTS FOR INCOMPATIBILISM 5 [1] If a person decides freely, then they could decide something other than what they actually decide. [2] If determinism is true, then no person could decide something other than what they actually decide. _____ [3] So, if determinism is true, then no person decides freely. ARG. FROM ALTERNATIVE POSSIBILITIES 6 [1] If a person decides freely, then they are ultimately responsible for what they decide. [2] If determinism is true, then no person is ultimately responsible for what they decide. _____ [3] So, if determinism is true, no person decides freely. ARG. FROM ULTIMATE RESPONSIBILITY
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3 7 Remember, incompatibilism is a claim of logical inconsistency between two propositions. It is not, by itself, a claim about which proposition
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lecture23 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY LECTURE 23 FREE WILL...

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