Chapter 7 Global stratification

Chapter 7 Global stratification - Chapter 7 Global...

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Chapter 7 Global stratification Social stratification is the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on their control over basic resources Life chances refers to the extent to which individuals have access to important societal resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, and health care. Social mobility is the movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratification system to another Intergenerational mobility is the social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next. Intragenerational mobility is the social movement of individuals within their own life-time. Slavery is an extreme form of stratification in which some people are owned by others. Caste system is a system of social inequality in which people’s status in permanently determined at birth based on their parents’ ascribed characteristics. Class system is a type of stratification based on the ownership and control of resources and on the type of work people do. Modernization theory is a perspective that links global inequality to different levels of economic development and suggests that low-income economies can move to middle- and high-income economies by achieving self-sustained economic growth. Dependency theory is the belief that global poverty can at least partially be attributed to the fact that the low-income countries have been exploited by the high-income countries
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Chapter 8 Income is the economic gain from wages, salaries, income transfers (governmental aid), and ownership of property. Wealth is the value of all a person’s or family’s economic assets, including income, personal property, and income producing property. Karl Marx : capitalist societies consist of two classes Capitalist class consists of those who own the means of production The working class consists of those who must sell their labor to the owners in order to earn enough money to survive. Alienation , a feeling of powerlessness and estrangement from other people and from oneself. Class conflict
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2009 for the course SOCI 150 taught by Professor Messner during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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Chapter 7 Global stratification - Chapter 7 Global...

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