China - Anne Krieger Period 3 due I Introduction to...

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Anne Krieger Period 3 ½ due March 12, 2008 I. Introduction to comparative politics A. Purpose and methods to comparison and classification 1. Organization of China’s Government – Communist state, two governments, Chinese Communist Party and Peoples Republic of China 2. Normative and empirical questions of China’s Government – Two concepts a theory is based on: Normative questioning is what should have happened, using personal judgment, while Empirical questioning is what happened and why, using facts and statistics? a. Example, Normative Questioning: What should have outcome been to the fall of the Chinese Empire? b. Example, Empirical Questioning: What happened to the Chinese Empire, why did the downfall occur? B. Concepts 1. States a. Five Autonomous Regions: , Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang Uygur, Xizang (Tibet) b. Twenty-three Provinces: Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Taiwan c. Four Municipalities: Beijing Chongqing, Shanghai, Tianjin 2. Nation – Communism, Nationalism: 3. Regime – Authoritarian: Decisions made by political elites, without much input from citizens 4. Government – Chinese Communist Party and Peoples Republic of China C. Process and Policy 1. What is politics? 2. Purpose of government? 3. What are political science and comparative politics? 4. Common policy challenges?
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IV. Citizens, Society, and The State – There are four main influences on Political Development: Geographical Influences, Historical influences before 1949, Historical influences during the PRC, and Political Culture. A. Cleavages and Politics 1. Ethnic Cleavages a. China has the most citizens in the world b. 100 million citizens, majority Han Chinese, 8% minority groups c. 55 minority groups recognized, no one minority is larger than another; majority of minority groups are on China’s border 2. Racial Cleavages a. Breakdown: Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1% 3. Class in China a. Average citizens are subjects, not participants in the political system. The communist state redefined ‘political participation’ by creating a relationship
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