Lecture01 - Rethinking Modern Technology Ł £ • “* *...

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Unformatted text preview: Rethinking Modern Technology Ł £ • “* * ‘" K “ Lau Chong­Fuk 2008­09 First Term Lecture 1 Introduction Technology is Everywhere! Technology is Everywhere! Technological Development: Technological Development: A Simple Example: How to be cool? A Chinese Fan Ancient Egyptian Fans http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fan_%28implement%29 Mechanical Fan in 18th Century Ceiling Fan Household Electric Fans Household Electric Fans were introduced in 1880s CPU Cooling Fan But still not cool enough… But still not cool enough… The technology of air conditioning was developed in mid 19th Century, but commercial applications were introduced in early 20th Century. Air conditioners consume much more energy than fans! Questions about Technology Questions about Technology ► What is technology? ► What is modern technology? ► How does modern technology change our way of life? ► Modern technology solves many problems. But does it create more problems than it solves? ► How should we deal with the ethical dilemmas created by modern technology? Emerging Technologies Emerging Technologies Emerging Technologies ► What are the most powerful and most promising technologies at the beginning of the 21st Century? ► NBIC: What’s that?! ► Nano­Info­Bio­Cogno Nanotechnology Information Technology Biotechnology Cognitive Science ► BANG Bits, Atoms, Neurons, Genes Nanotechnology Nanotechnology ► 1 Nanometer (nm)=10­9 m (≈ 8­10 Atoms) ► An interdisciplinary research area ► Major Applications ► The width of a human hair is ca. 80000 nm! Medicine, tissue and genetic engineering Semiconductors, opto­electric devices Fuel cells and other energy related products Textiles and household products Cosmetics Biotechnology Biotechnology ► Technology based on biology, used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ► An important subfield: Biomedical technologies ► Controversial Applications: Including Biological Weapons! Assisted Reproductive Technology Genetic Engineering Stem Cell Research Human Cloning Information Technology Information Technology ► Technology of information processing, communication and management ► IT is the technology of the later half of the 20th Century. ► It revolutionized many aspects of our daily life, and created many new problems: Intellectual Property Right Privacy vs. Security Free Speech vs. Control Cognitive Science Cognitive Science ► Study of mind, brain and intelligence ► A highly interdisciplinary research area including psychology, neuroscience, biology, linguistics, computer science and philosophy ► One key issue is how human intelligence works and whether artificial intelligence is possible. Course Info Info Info ► eLearning Platform: ► Teacher: http://moodle.cuhk.edu.hk Lau Chong­Fuk ‘ �" �K Office: 426, Fung King Hey Tel: 26097137 Email: [email protected] http://arts.cuhk.edu.hk/~cflau Course Outline Course Outline ► Part I: Lectures ► Part II: Presentations A series of introductory lectures on the philosophy of technology, the relations of technology to science, environment and society and basic ethical concepts. Presentations of group projects by students. Main topics include biomedical and information/computer technologies. Other topics are also welcome. Course Objective Course Objective ► Introducing some key concepts and major problems associated with the development of modern technology. ► Increasing students’ sensitivity toward the impacts of modern technology and the social­ethical issues arising from it. ► Developing students’ ability to explore a topic in depth and their skills in analysis and argumentation. Part I: Lectures Part I: Lectures ► What is Technology? ► Science and Technology ► Technological, Rationality and Modernization ► Technology, Society and Environment ► Humans vs. Machines: Artificial Intelligence ► Basic Concepts of Ethics Part II: Group Project Part II: Group Project ► 3­4 students form a group. ► Presentation (30%): ► Comment/Discussion (10%) Give a Class Presentation (30 min.) Upload the Outline to Moodle Two Days before Presentation (before Wednesday 10pm!) Comment on the Presentation of Another Group Lead the Discussion after that Presentation Project Essay Project Essay ► Project Essay (20%): Each group member has to submit an essay after presentation. You will be asked to answer a few questions relevant to your presentation. Deadline: Three Weeks after presentation English: ~1000 words; Chinese: ~1500 words Hard copies to me and soft copies to CUPIDE Please attach a recent photo of yourself!! Assessment Method Assessment Method 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Final Take­Home Exam: 30% Project Presentation: 30% Project Essay: 20% Comment: 10% Class Performance: 10% Presentation Topics Presentation Topics ► Biomedical Technologies ► Information and Computer Technologies Assisted Reproductive Technology Human Cloning Genetic Engineering Stem Cell Research Intellectual Property Privacy vs. Security Free Expression vs. Censorship ► Other Topics* Other Presentation Topics Other Presentation Topics ► You are encouraged to choose a topic that is NOT listed above. ► New topics are subject to my approval. ► You should choose a topic that you are interested in and/or familiar with. ► In order to encourage exploring new topics, a bonus of up to 5% will be rewarded. Elements of Presentation Elements of Presentation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ► ► Latest Development of the Technology Problems Solved and/or Created Impacts on Everyday Life Relevant Laws or Regulations Ethical Issues Your Own Standpoint, Suggestions, etc. Emphasis may vary, depending on topic. Multimedia elements will be appreciated! ► Basic Reference References References ► Technology in General V. Dusek, Philosophy of Technology: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell, 2006. R. C. Scharff/V. Dusek, ed., Philosophy of Technology: The Technological Condition: An Anthology, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2003. J. Ellul, The Technological Society, trans. J. Wilkinson, London: J. Cape, 1965. J. Rachels/S. Rachels, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, 5th ed., New York: McGraw­Hill, 2006. ► Ethics References References ► Biomedical Technologies ► Information and Computer Technologies J. Olen et. al., ed., Applying Ethics: A Text with Readings, Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing, 2004. T. L. Beauchamp/L. Walters, L., ed., Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1999. R. A. Spinello, Cyberethics: Morality and Law in Cyberspace, 3rd ed., Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2006. R. A. Spinello/H. T. Tavani, ed., Readings in CyberEthics, 2nd ed., Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2004. ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2009 for the course GES 2110 taught by Professor Lauchong-fuk during the Spring '08 term at CUHK.

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