Lecture10 - Rethinking Modern Technology łg • ““...

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Unformatted text preview: Rethinking Modern Technology łg ¡ • ““ ** pª ¶ Lau Chong­Fuk 2008­09 First Term Lecture 10 From Anti­Technology to Sustainable Development Romanticism ( p �ª � � ) • Romanticism ► An intellectual movement originated in late 18th century Western Europe ► Revolted against industrial revolution and enlightenment (rationalization) ► Expressed in art, literature and philosophy ► Emphasized emotions, feelings, aesthetic and religious experiences ► Aimed at achieving reconciliation between man and nature Jean­Jacques Rousseau ( p ª ) Jean­Jacques Rousseau ► A French philosopher (1712­78) ► Anti­Civilization A forerunner of Romanticism Subtly influenced the French Revolution Development of civilization, science and technology is harmful to morals and society Pre­civilized men, “noble savage” ( Ł ª ¶• ““ ** ), are p superior in spirit and personality to the alienated products of civilization. Education is not to transfer knowledge to students nor to train their discipline, but to cultivate their creativity and natural impulses. Existentialism ( p ª �• Existentialism ( � � ) ► A philosophical movement in the mid 20th century ► Main ideas: Forerunners: Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche Major figures: Martin Heidegger, Karl Jaspers, Jean­ Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Gabriel Marcel, Franz Kafka… Very popular in the post­war decades (1950­60s) “Existence precedes essence.”: emphasis on human existence, individuality and freedom Critical of the objectification of humans, the dominance of instrumental rationality and the optimistic belief in technology and progress Neo­Luddism Neo­ ► Luddism: ► Neo­Luddism: A social movement of English workers in the early 1800s, against the changes produced by Industrial Revolution A modern movement against technology Problems created by technological advancements: dehumanization, loss of personality, collapse of traditional and nature­based ways of life, ecological degradation, consumerism, social decay, atheism and the decay of spirituality… An extremist Luddite: Ted Kaczynski Ecology Movement Ecology Movement ► A social­political movement emerged in the 1960s ► Main Themes ► Political Dimension 1960­70s: nuclear weapons, nuclear power 1980s: acid rain 1990s: ozone depletion, deforestation 2000s: climate change (global warming) ► Deep Ecology: A more radical movement Green parties (Ecology, Justice, Democracy, Peace) NGO: Greenpeace, pª• ��� , p� ª� … Anti­anthropocentrism: mankind as part of nature Sustainability Sustainability ► Sustainable development ( Ł p ► Major Considerations “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” Maintenance of resources, particularly the use of renewable resources Preservation of biodiversity and the integrity of the environment Maintenance of technological and economic development, enhancing the well­being of the human population ∙ ª3 • “ ) That’s all! ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2009 for the course GES 2110 taught by Professor Lauchong-fuk during the Spring '08 term at CUHK.

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