17 - Farmers 17/09/200812:30:00...

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Farmers 17/09/2008 12:30:00 Etruscan powers declined in the early 6 th  century BC Tyrannies began to turn more into oligarchies There was a decline in the roman republic as they had enemies on all sides,  economic hardships with trade and crop failures, as well as epidemics, and Agriculture was by far the largest field of employment in early rome, so  hardships in this field had a huge impact. o Almost all farming was subsistence, people just growing enough to  survive, even the senators lived on their own estates and worked in the  fields,  o Very small scale, precarious existence for individual farmers as they  could have their life messed up from flooding, attacks from neighboring  peoples o Half of the land had to be barren in order to replenish soil, and people  needed land for grazing livestock People started to used ager publicus, public land to graze their  livestock, this continued throughout Roman history The twelve tables: o The earliest law code in roman history o 451/450 BC o direct result of the political and social upheavals of the 5 th  century BC o patricians were trying to keep advantages out of the hands of the  plebeians an important tool in doing this was the rich’s knowledge of the  law o by writing down the laws, even the common folk could  learn the laws  and figure out how to benefit from them. o The document is concerned almost exclusively with agriculture Obsessed with boundaries, very important to the Romans All boundaries had to have a 2.5 ft strip on either side kept  completely clear If a tree shades another persons land, they can cut it down If fruit falls off a tree onto someone else’s land, it is theirs to pick 
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2009 for the course CLA 218 taught by Professor Edwardj.champlin during the Spring '09 term at Princeton.

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17 - Farmers 17/09/200812:30:00...

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