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Unformatted text preview: - wealth of elite- M. Licinius Crassus (consul 70)- conspicuous consumption + investment in: IV. Land- rich acquire public and abandoned land- latifundia (sing. latifundium ), large estates- villa and plantation - cereals, olives, vines- Cato, De Agricultura , On Agriculture- profit- ranch - herds in S and S-central Italy V. Slaves - instrumentum vocale (as vs. mutum and semivocale )- mass influx - by end of 1st cent.: 1/3 of population of Italy- slave trade - Delos- advantages over peasants: low costs; organization; not drafted; investment- resistance - rebellions 135 etc. - atmosphere of fear and violence- desertion of countryside - Tiberius Gracchus in 130s...
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- Spring '09