War in the East
I Alexander the Great (356-323)
Seeing a statue of Alexander the Great in Spain, Julius Caesar became upset
because at the age when Alexander had already taken over the world (30),
Caesar had done nothing.
Many powerful people afterwards tried to look and act like Alexander the
About 200 BC, we see this trend of imitating Alexander really spread, new
trend after old Roman tradition of imitating ancestors
Between 800-400BC, cities in Greece had colonized the islands around the
area, but had never unified under one banner, small city-states instead.
These city states all fell to Phillip II (Macedonian), a military and political
genius, he played htem all against each other, his son was Alexander, who,
with an army of greeks and Macedonians, overthrew the Persian empire and
fought to India and back in a 12 year whirlwind. This age of Alexander’s rule
was known as the Hellenistic age. After his death, his generals fought over
the scraps of the kingdom.
Egypt (kingdom), contained Cyprus and much of Syria, capital in
Alexandria, The Ptolomeic dynasty
Syria-contained most of southern Asia and turkey, capital at
Antioch, Seleucid dynasty
Macedon- north of Greece, some sovereignty over mainland
Greece and Asia minor
Boundaries were very fluid
There were also smaller minor kingdoms such as btihynia, pontus, etc.
and many Greeek cities remained independent, Athens, Sparta,
There were also some small leagues of cities
Balance was maintained with precarious, easily changed friendships
II Into Greece
Across the Adriatic sea from rome there is an area controlled by the Illyria.