Weiten study guide exam 3

Weiten study guide exam 3 - Study Guide Exam 3 Know all...

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Study Guide Exam 3 Know all about the following including what it is and how it has been studied. Also, in this round I’ve included many of the response sets you can expect to see on the exam so as to allay any unwanted surprises. DEVELOPMENTAL Differing aptitude among boys and girls; Females – Verbal reasoning Males – Math and Visual What is Downs Syndrome? Associated with the 21 st chromosome; Mental handicap with distinct facial features What is puberty and what changes occur? The development of primary sex characteristics such as voice deepening, hair growth, and ability to reproduce. Who was Jean Piaget and what did he study? I. Sensorimotor Stage A. Birth to 2 years Looking, touching, mouthing, grasping Object Permanence--Awareness that objects continue to exist when not perceived B. Can infants think? Pacifier study; Magic tricks; Numbers II. Preoperational Stage A. 3-5 years of age Too young to perform mental operations; Conservation--quantity remains the same despite changes in shape B. Egocentrism--Inability to take another’s point of view C. Theory of Mind Realization that people have minds Begin to infer intentions 1. Bandaid Study 2. Autism--Imapaired theory of mind Other’s state of mind is no different than their own Lack of “I” or “Me” 3. Age 7 No longer think aloud; Talk to themselves--helps children control their behavior and emotions and master new skills III. Concrete Operational Stage A. 6-7 years of age Change in shape does not mean change in quantity Comprehend mathematical transformations and conservation IV. Formal Operational Stage A. 8-12 From Concrete (experience) to Abstract (Imagined realities and symbols) If this, then that What are some differences between a childs’ mind of 2-1/2 yrs versus a 3-yr. old? Who was Kholberg and who was Erikson and what did they study? Know Piaget’s various stages of cognitive development;
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What is menopause? Can infants think? How do you know? What is theory of mind? MEMORY Priming; When you activate certain memories unconsciously; words trigger unconscious memories Rehearsal; When you repeat something in your mind; memories last 20 seconds without rehearsal Chunking; Group similar or familiar to make it easier to remember; Ex: FBI CIA USA Types of memory: short-term – 20 seconds; 7 +/- 2 is the magic number explicit – Conscious of; intentionally memorize something
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Weiten study guide exam 3 - Study Guide Exam 3 Know all...

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