Chapter 9School EffectivenessW. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
The School as a Social SystemW. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011Transformation ProcessTransformation ProcessStructural SystemStructural SystemCulturalCulturalSystemSystemPoliticalPoliticalSystemSystemIndividual SystemIndividual SystemLearningLearningTeachingTeachingOutputsOutputsInputsInputsEnvironmental constraintsHuman and capital resourcesMission and board policyMaterials and methodsEquipmentAchievementJob satisfactionAbsenteeismDropout rateOverall qualityDiscrepancy between Actual and Expected Performance
Three Basic Challenges1.How do school administrators demonstrate the effectiveness of their systems?2.How do administrators continually demonstrate effectiveness as definitions change?3.How do administrators please multiple stakeholders with different definitions of effectiveness?W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Brief History of Reform•Nation at Risk—we need better schools to succeed as a nation•No Child Left Behind—focus on national goals, academic achievement, and sanctions for schools not achieving goals (accountability)—Annual Yearly Progress.•Race to the Top—turn around low performing schools and reward those who succeed. Main elements of the plan:–College and Career-Ready Students–Great Teachers and Leaders in Every School–Equity and Opportunity for all–Raise the Bar and Reward Excellence–Promote Innovation and Continuous ImprovementW. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Input CriteriaInputs for schools include environmental components that are understood to influence organizational effectiveness.Monetary resources•Formal qualifications of faculty, administration, and staff•Condition, quantity, and current editions of textbooks•Library and media resources•Instructional technology, computers, A/V•Physical facilitiesW. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011
Input CriteriaInputs for schools include environmental
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