philo final - (Suppose the God of classical theism exists...

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(Suppose the God of classical theism exists) Since God is omniscient, God knows of any possible evil Since God is omnipotent, God can prevent any evil Since God is omnibenevolent, God would want to prevent any evil Therefore, supposing God exists implies that evil does not exist. However, since evil clearly does exist, God doesn’t exist (or lacks one of the above characteristics). This argument is due to the philosopher J. L. Mackie. The Logical argument from evil tries to prove that the existence of evil is inconsistent with the existence of a God who is considered . This argument is supposed to show that if we assume that the God of classical theism exists, then it follows by strict logic that there can’t be any evil. If the reasoning is correct, then the existence of evil doesn’t just make God unlikely, but proves God’s non-existence. (God is omnibenevolent, God is omnipotent, God is omniscient, & evil exists is an inconsistent set and cannot be true at the same time and is therefore logically impossible) However, if we add free will to the list of God is omnibenevolent, God is omnipotent, God is omniscient, & evil exists, then it is logically possible for all of these to be true at the same time. The philosopher Alvin Plantinga developed a response to the logical problem of evil that would support the theists’ point of view that an omnibenevolent, omnipotent, & omniscient God allows evil to exist. The free-will defense asserts that it is not within God’s power to eliminate all evil
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2009 for the course ALL 0001 taught by Professor All during the Spring '09 term at University of Central Oklahoma.

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philo final - (Suppose the God of classical theism exists...

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