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Unformatted text preview: Neutrality Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Zimmerman Note German Foreign secretary Author Zimmermann sent a telegraph to Mexico, which said if they joined the alliance against the U.S., they would help them get back lost territory from 1848. Espionage Act 1917 was a United States federal law passed shortly after entering World War I, on June 15, 1917, which made it a crime for a person to convey information with intent to interfere with the operation or success of the armed forces of the United States or to promote the success of its enemies. It was punishable by a maximum $USD 10,000 fine and 20 years in prison. The legislation was passed at the urging of President Woodrow Wilson, who feared any widespread dissent in time of war constituted a real threat to an American victory. Sedition Act 1918 Amendment made to the Espionage Act. The Sedition Act forbade Americans to use "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the United States government, flag, or armed forces during war. The act also allowed the Postmaster General to deny mail delivery to dissenters of government policy during wartime. The Sedition Act was an attempt by the United States government to limit freedom of speech, in-so-much-as that freedom of speech related to the criticism of the government during war. The Espionage Act made it a crime to help wartime enemies of the United States, but the Sedition Act made it a crime to utter, print, write or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the United States' form of government. Committee on Public Information Headed by progressive journalist George Creel. Employed some of the nations most talented writers and scholars, the CPI used propaganda to shape and mobilize public opinion. The CPI also urged the press to practice self-censorship and encouraged people to spy on their neighbors. Encouraged other to promote American participation in the war. Fourteen Points Unveiled January 1918, in which Wilson reaffirmed Americas commitment to an international system governed by laws and renounced territorial gains as a legitimate war aim. The first five points called for diplomacy in the public view, freedom of the seas, lower tariffs, reduction in armaments, and decolonization of empires. The next eight points specified the evacuation of foreign troops from Russia, Belgium, and France and appealed for self-determination for nationalities in Europe, such as the Poles. For Wilson the 14 th point was the most important the mechanism for achieving all the others: a general association of nations, or League of Nations. Treaty of Versailles Eventually five treaties emerged from the Conference that dealt with the defeated powers. The five treaties were named after the Paris suburbs of Versailles (Germany), St Germain (Austria), Trianon (Hungary), Neuilly (Bulgaria) and Serves (Turkey)....
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- Spring '09