History Review - History Review Freedmens Bureau On March 3...

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History Review Freedmen’s Bureau - On March 3, 1865, Congress established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, also known as the Freedmen’s Bureau. The bureau’s chief focus was to provide food, medical care, help with resettlement, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools. Ku Klux Klan- black hatters Enforcement Acts- Commonly known as the Ku Klux Klan Act or the Civil Rights Act of 1871 was a response to extraordinary civil unrest during the Reconstruction period. This unrest threatened the lives and the political and economic rights of all newly freed slaves. Although closely tied to the era in which it was enacted, portions of the statute remain extraordinarily important to modern civil rights enforcement. They also provided of election supervisors and permitted martial law and suspension of the right of habeas corpus to combat murders, beatings, and threats by the Klan. Compromise of 1877- In the months following the Election of 1876, but prior to the inauguration in March 1877, Republican and Democratic leaders secretly hammered out a compromise to resolve the election impasse and address other outstanding issues. To the four million former slaves in the South, the Compromise of 1877 was the “Great Betrayal." Republican efforts to assure civil rights for the blacks were totally abandoned. The white population of the country was anxious to get on with making money. No serious move to restore the rights of black citizens would surface again until the 1950s. 1. To withdraw federal soldiers from their remaining positions in the South 2. To enact federal legislation that would spur industrialization in the South 3. To appoint Democrats to patronage positions in the South 4. To appoint a Democrat to the president’s cabinet. Reconstruction Acts of 1867- Nearly two years following the end of the Civil War , Congress finally forged a complete plan for reconstruction. Three measures were passed in 1867 as well as additional legislation the following year. The measures' main points included: Creation of five military districts in the seceded states (not including Tennessee , which had ratified the 14th Amendment and was readmitted to the Union) Each district was to be headed by a military official empowered to appoint and remove state officials Voters were to be registered; all freedmen were to be included as well as those white men who took an extended loyalty oath State constitutional conventions, comprising elected delegates, were to draft new governing documents providing for black male suffrage States were required to ratify the 14th Amendment prior to readmission. Johnson’s vetoes of these measures were overridden by Congress, repeating a familiar pattern.
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14 th Amendment- Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the
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History Review - History Review Freedmens Bureau On March 3...

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