W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Chapter 7 Power and Politics In Schools
W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Authority and Power Authority is power, but power is not necessarily authority. • Power is the ability to get others to do what you want. • Authority is legitimate power. • Authority is not authoritarianism. • Authority is not coercion. Authority has three properties: • Willing compliance to directives • Suspension of own decision-making criteria • Legitimacy--power is legitimated by the norms of the group Key Question: What is your working definition of authority?
Weber ’ s Types of Authority W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Charismatic Authority: Power is legitimated by extraordinary personality. Traditional Authority: Power is legitimated by tradition. Legal or Bureaucratic Authority: Power is legitimated by system of laws (rules). Key Question: What is the best type of authority for schools? Types of Authority
W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Other Types of Authority Blau and Scott Formal Authority Power is legitimated by the formal organization. Informal Authority Power is legitimated by the informal organization. Peabody Functional Authority Power is legitimated by competence. Key Question: What kind of authority does your principal have?
W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Types of Authority Positions Formal Authority Yes No Formal Leader Informal Leader Officer Follower Informal Authority Yes No
W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Leaders and Authority How can leaders enhance their authority? • Strategic Leniency • Supportive Leadership • Emotional Detachment • Hierarchical Independence • Hierarchical Influence • Authenticity Key Question: What strategy is best for you to enhance your authority?
W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Sources of Power (French and Raven, 1968) 1. Reward Power Administrators reward desirable behavior. 2. Coercive Power Administrators punish undesirable behavior. 3. Legitimate Power Administrators have power of the organization. 4. Referent Power Administrators get power from identification. 5. Expert Power Administrators get power from knowledge and expertise. Key Points: Power from person characteristics is most advantageous. Expert power is most stable Referent power is strongest. Power Authority
Responses to Power W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Probable Responses to Power Types of Power Commitment Simple Compliance Resistance Referent XXX XX X Expert XXX XX X Legitimate XX XXX X Reward XX XX X Coercive X XX XXX XXX=most likely XX=less likely X=least likely
W. K. Hoy © 2003, 2008, 2011 Practical Suggestions 1. Avoid the use of coercive power: it alienates. 2. Use organizational power to develop personal power; personal power is more potent. 3. Use personal power to motivate and create loyalty and commitment to the organization.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 29 pages?
- Summer '18
- W. K. Hoy