Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) • Realism style • Most influential modern dramatist • Joined National Theater- stayed for six years, writing and directing • Made famous by Brand, struggled for recognition • A Doll’s House- 1879- written in Italy, fully realistic, successful in Scandinavia • Ended up being most influential European dramatist in the late 19 th century, inspired emerging writers felt in early 20 th century • Direct, honest, and unsparing in treating character and theme became normal for serious drama after Ibsen A Doll House (1879) • Royal Theatre, Copenhagen= first performance o Changed it to crying to children but then back to original ending because not popular • Social problems and problems of the individual struggling against the demands of society • Focus on the repression of women- offended conservatives, on the minds of progressives • Play opens: Nora Helmer- dutiful wife to Torvald, to him she is only a woman, ornament in the house to
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A Doll's House,
Henrik Ibsen, influential modern dramatist, Helmer- dutiful wife, influential European dramatist, women- offended conservatives