Chapter 9 PPP.pptx - Chapter 9 Political Parties CHAPTER 9:...

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Chapter 9Political Parties
CHAPTER 9: POLITICAL PARTIESChapter OutlineWhat Are Parties and How Did They Form?The Two-Party SystemThe Shape of Modern Political PartiesDivided Government and Partisan Polarization
9.1. WHAT ARE PARTIES AND HOW DID THEY FORM?Learning ObjectivesBy the end of this section, you will beable to:Describe political parties and what they doDifferentiate political parties from interestgroupsExplain how U.S. political parties formed
POLITICAL PARTIES AS UNIQUEORGANIZATIONSPolitical partiesGroups of people with similar interests whowork together to create and implementpolicies.Political parties are organizations that try todirectly influence public policy through itsmembers who seek to win and hold publicoffice.Functions of a Political PartyOrganize elections, elect candidates for office,run government, act as political oppositionParty platformParty positions on how to solve criticalpolitical issues
HOW POLITICAL PARTIES FORMEDThe First Party System (1796-1824)The Federalistsand theDemocratic-RepublicanPartyIdeological division about how todivide power between the federal andstate governmentsThe 1796 elections and the federalistvictoryThe 1800 Party RealignmentThomas Jefferson, an anti-federalist,wins the presidency.The Era of Good Feelings(1815-1825)The Federalist Party dissolves by 1815
THE EVOLUTION OF POLITICAL PARTIESThe 1824 Presidential Elections and the beginning ofthe Second Party system.Democratic Party v. National Republican PartyPolitical machinesOrganizations that secured votes for the party’s candidatesor supported the party in other ways.Personal politicsBuilding direct relationships with voters rather than onpromoting specific issues.Slavery and Political PartiesDemocratic party and the Republican PartyThird PartiesPolitical parties that are formed as alternatives to theRepublican and Democratic partiesPresident Theodore Roosevelt and the ProgressiveMovement
9.2THE TWO-PARTY SYSTEMLearning ObjectivesBy the end of this section, you will be ableto:

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Term
Spring
Professor
HYMES
Tags
Test, Plurality voting system, Two party system

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