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Chapter 7Voting and Elections
VOTING AND ELECTIONSChapter OutlineVoter RegistrationVoter TurnoutElectionsCampaigns and VotingDirect Democracy
7.1VOTER REGISTRATIONLearning ObjectivesBy the end of this section, you will be ableto:Identify ways the U.S. government has promotedvoter rights and registrationSummarize similarities and differences in states’voter registration methodsAnalyze ways states increase voter registration anddecrease fraud
VOTER REGISTRATION ACROSS THE UNITED STATESElections are state-by-state contests.Voting Barriers in HistoryLiteracy testGrandfather clausePoll taxThe 24thAmendment in 1964 ended poll taxesThe Voting Rights Act(VRA) in 1965 hada more profound effectIncreased political participation and voterregistrationShelby County v. Holder(2013) sent powerback to the states to regulate voterregistration
HOW DOES SOMEONE REGISTER TO VOTE?Requirements to Register to VoteCitizenshipResidencyAge – 18 year old or olderMental competency to voteNo felony conviction (varies)The National Voter Registration Act(1993) -Motor VoterEnacted to expedite the registration process andmake it as simple as possible for voters.The act required states to allow citizens to registerto vote when they sign up for driver’s licenses andSocial Security benefits.Not very successful to increase voter registrationShould felons be eligible to vote?
7.2 VOTER TURNOUTLearning ObjectivesBy the end of this section, you will be able to:Identify factors that motivate registered voters tovoteDiscuss circumstances that prevent citizens fromvotingAnalyze reasons for low voter turnout in theUnited States
COUNTING VOTERSVoter Turnout and DemocracyA healthy democratic society is expectedto be filled with citizens who voteregularly and participate in the electoralprocess.Counting VotesCalculating voter turnout begins bycounting how many ballots were cast in aparticular election.The voting-age population(VAP)persons who are eighteen and older.The voting-eligible population(VEP)Eligible voters regardless of the voterregistration status
WHAT FACTORS DRIVE VOTER TURNOUT?Political Campaign TargetsLikely votersRegistered votersThe voting-eligible population whoare not registeredFactors Driving Voter TurnoutParty affiliation, age, education,religion, ethnicity, race, socio-economic status, gender, etc.The 19thAmendmentWomen’s Voting Right
WHAT FACTORS DECREASE VOTER TURNOUT?Reasons for Low Voter TurnoutVoting is not mandatory.Some people are not allowed to vote.Strict photo identification lawPolling places may be opened only on theelection day.Early voting and voting by mail as solutionsPolitical apathyChronic minorityThird-party voters and voters in “red” and“blue” statesVoter fatigue due to frequent votingPolitical protest against status quo
7.3 ELECTIONSLearning ObjectivesBy the end of this section, you will be ableto:

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HYMES
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