Psych150-Lecture12-2-26-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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Professor Ozlem Ayduk 2/26/07 Lecture 12 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course ANNOUNCEMENTS Your exam scores will be posted in the breezeway of Tolman Hall later this week with the last 5 digits of your SID number. And in sections next week we will provide information about the short answer guidelines, which you can contest if you think we missed something. LECTURE Freud and Psychodynamic Theory. Today we look at Freud’s theories of personality. We should keep in mind that we have been focusing in this class on personality traits and their connection with behavior and outcomes. But the connection between traits and behavior and outcomes is mediated by biological and psychological processes; there is no direct link between them. So if a person has the personality trait of being high N, this means they are scared of novel situations. But the big question is: Why? What are the processes by which this takes place? Freud is about asking “why?” Where do the motivational dynamics of personality and the psyche come from? What are the sources of human psychopathologies? Freud offers us a grand general theory of the psychological processes behind the individual differences that we see in personality traits. It is a very complex, grand theory; each part of the theory is connected to the other parts. When Freud wrote in the early part of the 20 th century, grand theories were important in psychology; we don’t have many grand theories any more. His theory is about everything from personality structure, motivation, development, psychopathology and so on. Freud was very interested in symbols and metaphors and the unconscious. Human behavior for Freud is never what it appears to be; there are hidden, symbolic meanings that he tries to uncover. He claims that we don’t have access to the hidden thought processes that drive our behavior. Conscious, Preconscious, and Unconscious. He distinguishes these three domains or levels of the mind. If you think of the mind as like an iceberg where most of it is under water and hidden, the biggest part of the mind is unconscious and very hidden and deep, like the part of the iceberg you cannot see. The preconscious is the part of the iceberg that is closest to the surface; it’s also hidden, but you can stick your hand in the water and touch it. It’s accessible with a little effort. So if you are at a party talking to someone but not really listening and you hear someone across the room say your name, you hear it because it has personal significance. We can access the preconscious. The conscious part of the mind is the iceberg
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 150 taught by Professor Ayduk during the Spring '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Psych150-Lecture12-2-26-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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