Outline Sex, Gender and Gender Roles, Intersex, Transgender

Outline Sex, Gender and Gender Roles, Intersex, Transgender...

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Biology 30 - Human Reproduction and Sexual Behavior Sex and Gender
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Are Sex and Gender the same? Definitions Sex = biological maleness or femaleness Genetic determined by our sex chromosomes and genes on those chromosomes Anatomical physical differences between males and females
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Are Sex and Gender the same? Definitions Gender Our culture has a two gender fixed identity Gender = psychosocial meaning of maleness or femaleness Psychological and sociocultural characteristics associated with our sex- femininity or masculinity Femininity or masculinity characterize behaviors typically attributed to males and females These labels can limit range of behaviors
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Definitions Gender identity: individual’s subjective sense of being male or female No assurance that one’s personal gender identity will be consistent with one’s biological sex
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Gender role: cultural norms for male & female behavior What is considered normal and appropriate in a specific culture for male and female. What is masculine and feminine also depends on the time in history – currently redefining gender roles Will not cover gender roles in detail in this course
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Gender-Identity Formation Our culture has a two gender fixed identity, male or female Gender identity is one’s individual subjective sense of being male or female How does Gender-Identity Form? Starts with sex determination which is our biological maleness or femaleness Sex is based on genetics which is determined by our chromosomes Sex is also based on our anatomical or physical features
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Gender-Identity Formation Gender identity is one’s individual subjective sense of being male or female Gender Identity starts with sex determination - our biological maleness or femaleness Sex is based on genetics which is determined by our chromosomes Sex is also based on our anatomical or physical features Sex determination normally follows a sequence Genetically, sex of humans is determined by presence of Y chromosome.
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Gender-Identity Formation - Starts with biological processes that determine sex Sex determination normally follows a sequence Events that occur during typical prenatal differentiation from conception to birth Chromosomal differences Development of gonads Development of internal structures Development of external structures Sex differentiation of the brain
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Chromosomes Chromosomes are the physical objects of that you inherit from your parents and which determine your physical characteristics and chromosomal sex Humans have 46 chromosomes total This 46 is two copies of the 23 human chromosomes 22 autosomes (non sex chromosomes) and 1 sex chromosome chromosomal sex: XX (female) or XY (male)
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2N number of chromosomes,46 is reduced
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2009 for the course BIO 30 taught by Professor Kahn during the Spring '09 term at UC Riverside.

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Outline Sex, Gender and Gender Roles, Intersex, Transgender...

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