Psych150-Lecture19-3-21-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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Professor Ozlem Ayduk 3/21/07 Lecture 19 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course ANNOUNCEMENTS Your exam is the first Wednesday after the break; I will post your study guide by tomorrow. There will be a review session on the Tuesday before the exam; the time and location will be posted on the study guide. The lecture on Monday after the break will not be covered on the exam, but I encourage you to attend it anyway, because it will lay the foundation for the rest of the semester. LECTURE Kelly’s Cognitive Approach (Cont’d). Kelly starts from a few assumptions that we mentioned last time. First, reality is constructed; there is no separate meaningful reality that is uninfluenced by the perceiver. Second, reality is constructed; we interpret the environment and give it meaning. Personality and behavior is a function of this interpretation. People have constructs to help them predict the future, much as scientists do. Constructs are interpretations or perceptions that enable hypotheses about the future. If the constructs work, we keep them. Kelly talks about constructive alternativism; there are multiple ways to construe a situation. Different people may construe it differently; the same person at different times may construe the same situation differently. The person is an active agent involved in construing the world. The constructs exist inside the individual. But this goes both ways; it gives us free will, but we can be imprisoned by our constructs because they can be deeply habitual and hard to break. You can become a prisoner of your construction of reality. The Structure and Organization of Constructs. Constructs have a bipolar structure; they have a bad and a good end. Kelly talked about the range of convenience and how different constructs will apply to different situations. We can ask how general and how specific a construct is. The construct good/bad has a very wide range of convenience; it’s very general. Supportive/unsupportive has a narrower range of convenience, while willing/unwilling to lend notes has an even narrower range because it only applies to the narrow situation of someone who is in your class. Range of convenience is about a constructs range of applications to situations. The range of convenience may be the same, but the focus of convenience may be different in that constructs may apply to very different situations even though they have the same level of generality. Take the issue of how many people Jane talks to at a party. We can use the construct sociable/unsociable or polite/impolite – which applies to the issue? Sociable/unsociable applies, though the two
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 150 taught by Professor Ayduk during the Spring '07 term at Berkeley.

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Psych150-Lecture19-3-21-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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