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COMD Ch7 - StudyofLanguage COMD2050 Chapter7:Morphology...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 7: Morphology
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Morphology A morpheme is… the smallest unit of meaning a minimal unit that can have a dictionary meaning and  a grammatical meaning a minimal unit that has constant meaning (most of the  time) and definite structure (most of the time).  every word has at least one morpheme
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Morphology Morphology is the study of the forms or structure  of words and their parts. How are words formed?
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Morphology Weblog -> blog -> blog (n)  and blog (v) He was blogging  all the time in the first few days  after the storm.  My brother-in-law is a blogger . The –ing ending = present progressive The –er ending  = one who…
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Morphology {071B027E-43F3-413C-B684-219A72E6233E} Books {3D13C681-E54D-47F9-908C-8D82593D9415} book noun {C1089F17-610A-4D21-907E-5EE8BED0BDCB} -s plural marker
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Morphology {31FE99F0-A484-4F73-AA1E-416A823AD568} Talks {510CAF16-9A8A-4920-A8E5-FD7A8E79AB57} talk verb -s singular, present tense marker
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Morphology Morpheme does not equal syllable. Car Hippopotamus Laptop
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Morphology Dogs = Dog + s = 2 morphemes, 1 syllable Kissed = Kiss + ed = 2 morphemes, 1 syllable Men’s = man + plural + possessive = 3  morphemes, 1 syllable.
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How many morphemes are in each  verb? Tread Heard Fled Going Went Flies Flew Fly
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How many morphemes are in each  noun? Man Men Men’s Goose Geese Duck Duckling Ducklings
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Morphology Un = a morpheme This morpheme has a definite structure – not in  random order. Unhappy happyun Unlucky luckyun Unsatisfied satisfiedun
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Morphology “un” can only attach to certain types of  morphemes  Undog Undoor Unrug Unhappy Unlucky
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Morphology Tourists contains 3 morphemes: Tour ist s
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Open and closed classes of  morphemes If  I go  to the  store,  then  I can buy non-stinky milk.
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Open and closed classes of  morphemes Open morphemes: forms with variants Nouns, verbs, Adjs, Advs, derivational affixes
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