COMD Ch2

COMD Ch2 - COMD2050 ClicktoeditMastersubtitlestyle

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Click to edit Master subtitle style  10/19/09 Chapter 2:  Animals and human language COMD 2050
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 10/19/09 “Folksy” Psychology:  are we animals? Do animals really “understand” human words? –or–  Do animals produce a particular behavior in response  to a stimulus? Are vocalizations the same as speech?
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 10/19/09 Communicative signals: Intentionally used to provide information Informative signals: Behaviors that provide information unintentionally. So when we talk about human vs. animal language, we must look at  both in terms of their potential as a means of intentional 
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 10/19/09 Properties of human language Displacement: We can refer to past and future events. We can refer to things not in our immediate environment.
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 10/19/09 Properties of human language  www.cambridge.org/yule
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 10/19/09 Properties of human language Arbitrariness there is no ‘natural’ connection between a linguistic form and  its meaning How does arbitrariness relate to animal language?
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 10/19/09 Properties of human language Productivity: The capacity to constantly create novel utterances Infinite number of possibilities Fixed reference: In the animal word, signals in their systems are fixed as relating  to a particular object or occasion
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 10/19/09 Properties of human language Cultural transmission: Process in which a language is passed on from one generation  to the next Duality: Human language is organized at two levels or layers  simultaneously 
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COMD Ch2 - COMD2050 ClicktoeditMastersubtitlestyle

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