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Gender Segregation

Gender Segregation - Gender Segregation Childrens Peer...

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Gender Segregation & Children’s Peer Groups Do Girls’ and Boys’ Peer Groups  Represent Different Cultures? FSHD 447A 3/12/09
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Objectives To understand the phenomenon of  gender segregation in children’s peer  groups and its role in children’s social  development. To critically examine the viability of the  “two cultures” perspective as an  explanation of gender differences in  behavior.
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Prevalence of Gender Segregation Gender plays a significant role in children’s  choices of playmates and interaction partners Sex accounts for 70-85% if the variance in children’s  playmate choices.   Gender segregation  (the separation of boys and  girls) is widespread. Present in non-human primates  Occurs in Western and Non-Western cultures Extent of segregation depends on context 
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Development of Gender Segregation (Martin & Fabes, 1998, 2006) Gender segregation begins at an early age  and increases through middle childhood Gender segregation emerges by age 3. Even earlier in girls  Increases up to age 6, and remains high from age 6-11 Other-sex friends decline from age 1-6 Only 15% of children have other-sex friends by middle  childhood
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“Two Cultures” Perspective Observations of girls’ and boys’ groups reveal distinctly  different styles of play and social interaction.   Boys’ Groups Girls’ Groups Play Styles
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