Theory 2 - TheoreticalPerspectivesII Overview...

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Theoretical Perspectives II
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Overview Ecological theory Evolutionary theory
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Ecological Theory Based on research about how plants and animals  adapt to their environments. Basic assumptions: Environments impact individual and group functioning. Organisms alter environments so as to better function in  them ("niche construction”)
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Ecological Theory Brofenbrenner (1979). The Ecology of Human Development Four types of nested environmental systems, with bi-directional influences within and  between the systems: Microsystem: Immediate environments (family, school, peer group,  neighborhood) Mesosystem: Connections between immediate environments (e.g.  connections between parents and school) Exosystem: External environments that only indirectly affect a person  (such as spouse's workplace) Macrosystem: The larger cultural context (Eastern vs. Western culture,  national economy, political culture, subculture)
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2009 for the course FSHD 257 taught by Professor Payne during the Spring '09 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Theory 2 - TheoreticalPerspectivesII Overview...

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