syd 3700 exam 2 - Methods Ten steps for sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: Methods- Ten steps for sociological investigation o What is your topic? o What have others learned? o What exactly are your questions? o What do you need to do your research? o Are there ethical concerns? o What method will you use? o How will you record your data? o What does the data tell you? o What are your conclusions? o How can you share what youve learned? We will only get to question 7 theory literature hypothesis operationalize/ design observe/ study analyze/ interpret generalize/ publish theory literature deductive reasoning- working downward inductive reasoning- working upward- scientific sociology o positivism: objective truth o you need concept variable: changing value measurement nominal: categorical ordinal: likert scales interval: 1,2 ratio: 32:64- dollars o defining your concept operationalize: what to measure, how to measure o reliability and validity: reliability- consistency of measure variable validity- accuracy of method used o causes and effects independent variable: fixed, categorical variable dependent variable: measure hope to find correlation relationship between two variables correlation does not equal causation spurious correlation- o ice cream sales crime rates (heat) o shoe size intelligence (age) o objectivity Weber: value free protestant work ethic and the spirit of capitalism replication black swans nassim taleb turkey sociologist- interpretive sociology o study of meaning o grounded theory- critical sociology o calls for social change- research ethics o Nuremburg trials o Tuskegee syphilis trials o IRBs Institutional review boards Board of scholars Functions Obtain consent Promises confidentiality Free from deception and harm Anonymity when publishing Guards protected groups o Handicapped, prisoners, children, ill Reactivity - Hawthorne effect: behaviors change when they think theyre being studied Introducing new elements to a culture o Steel axe o Swear words with kids- Research concerns o Discarding unfavorable data o Loaded questions o Overgeneralizations: 15 % 15% 30% 40% o Biased sampling o Data manipulation o Data dredging Going until I find something o False causality: minorities deviance social acceptance o Misreporting- Methodology o Surveys: most common (attitudes) Population and samples Big #, little $, reliable Random sample: representative Snowball sampling: referrals Hidden or rare behavior (swingers) Questionnaire: fixed set of questions given to participants Interviews: asked in person 2 types of questions o Close ended: set group of answers Quick, easy to read...
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syd 3700 exam 2 - Methods Ten steps for sociological...

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