Psych150-Lecture22-4-9-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 4/9/07 Lecture 22 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course ANNOUNCEMENTS There is a makeup exam on Friday so we will not be posting any grades until next week. LECTURE Cognitive Affective Processing System (CAPS) Applied to Personality. The Cognitive Affective Processing System, or CAPS, is somewhat abstract and hard to grasp, so please come see me in office hours if you feel that you do not understand it. Recall some of the assumptions of personality psychology. First, personality consists of stable qualities of the individual that are internally driven; people have traits or dispositions like conscientiousness or extraversion that are real. Second, these internally driven qualities are expressed in behavior across situations and time, so we can infer that they are about the individual and are not driven by situations. So if I shoot someone in a 7/11 when a robber threatens me and I have to defend myself, it’s not about me but the situation that led me to shoot the robber. If I shoot people in many situations then there is something wrong with me. If something is internally driven, it should recur many in many situations across time. In the late sixties, the author of your text, Mischel, tested these assumptions empirically by looking at cross situational data and many behaviors. Suppose I have a certain personality trait, say I am more outgoing than Annette; then I should be more outgoing in all situations than Annette if this is internally driven and a genuine trait. But the data did not find that. We should expect a high correlation coefficient and the same rank ordering on traits for a group of people. So if we looked, for example, at agreeableness in 7 people and person #7 is the highest in this trait at home, and person #3 is lowest in agreeableness at home, then this rank ordering should hold for other situations, so that person #7 is more agreeable than #3 in school and other situations. But #7 is highest at home, but in the middle at school; and #3 is lowest at home but high in agreeableness at school. The rank ordering on traits shifts around in different situations. Personality Paradox. The data shows that the correlation coefficient for the rank ordering of traits is from .2 to .3; in psychology that is not so bad, though it is a small effect size. But there is a paradox: we have the intuitions that our personalities are more consistent and coherent than an effect of .2 or .3 would suggest. Yet the data suggests considerable inconsistency. This is the personality paradox: there is a discrepancy between our assumptions and the data. We expect to find more consistency in personality.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 150 taught by Professor Ayduk during the Spring '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Psych150-Lecture22-4-9-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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