Psych150-Lecture23-4-11-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 4/11/07 Lecture 23 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course LECTURE The Cognitive Affective Personality (CAP) System and Socio-Cognitive Approaches to Personality. We began talking last time about how there is individual variability in personality that shows up coherently in the form of trait differences and behavioral profile differences. Both are stable sources of individual personality differences. We need a general theory to incorporate together these two sources of variability in understanding personality organization. Last time we compared Sue and Jane and saw that, relating to trait differences, on average Jane was a bit more aggressive than Sue. The mean level of Jane’s aggression across different situations was greater than Sue’s; but to understand aggressiveness in Sue and Jane, we need to know more than their average trait differences because in some contexts Sue is more aggressive than Jane. Cognitive Affective Units (CAUs). Personality psychologists talk about cognitive affective units, which have both cognitive and emotional components to them and help us understand how traits may manifest in particular situations. Remember that a critique of Kelly was that he did not talk enough about emotion; this builds upon Kelly’s work and adds emotion. How a person encodes or construes information in a particular context is an important CAU; their expectations and beliefs are important; their emotional responses; their goals and values; and their competence and self regulation is key. Individual differences in personality and behavior are said to arise from differences in these CAUs and their availability and accessibility. Some CAUs are more or less accessible to people. We talked about how some people may associate rejection with stinginess in other people. A woman’s boyfriend may not buy her the expensive carpet she wants. If she associates stinginess with rejection then that may be viewed as rejection and she may feel shamed and depressed. Another woman may not have an accessible association between stinginess and rejection and may not feel rejected under the same circumstances. Shame and rejection may not be as accessible, or relevant to them in that situation. CAUs need to be relevant to situations to have an effect. We talked about two kinds of relations in our
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Psych150-Lecture23-4-11-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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