Psych150-Lecture24-4-16-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 4/16/07 Lecture 24 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course ANNOUNCEMENTS Your grades are posted at the class web site. LECTURE Social Cognitive Approaches to Self- Regulation and Delay of Gratification. I want to talk about self-regulation and delay of gratification today, primarily in research with children – it also has applications to adults. Self-regulation and self-control are terms I use interchangeably. What is self-control or self-regulation? What does it mean to control yourself in a good way? One way to think of it is in terms of delayed gratification. We often have conflicts between what we want to do and what we should do. It’s a nice day and you want to sit outside and drink coffee and enjoy the weather, but you also need to go to class. So what should you do? You may want to eat chocolate cookies but you are concerned about your cholesterol. It’s a little like resisting temptation. When do we have to exercise self-control? We sometimes down regulate negative emotions when we feel sad or angry or even depressed, for example. We may feel angry, but in most cases, in this culture we are expected to down regulate our anger, to decrease it. We also may need to down regulate or inhibit bad habits like smoking, or eating too much or dieting too much. These require self-control. We also up regulate, or increase positive thoughts and emotions. We can up regulate by becoming aware of our options and feeling more hope, energy and motivation. We also can initiate goal-directed action; we can decide to read a book or write a paper, or study. What determines the need for self-control? First, we perceive a situation as one requiring self-control. Ten years ago a blood pressure of 120/80 was considered good and healthy and requiring no response. Now it is considered pre-hypertensive and something we should do something about. It requires self-control. So it’s a situation requiring self- control. Second, do we have any motivation? Do we want to control ourselves? We can decide to just drink whole milk, and eat cream cheese and chocolate and live well and die young. We can do nothing. But we can also encode it as something I must fix; we can feel motivated to change. Third, we must have a belief and expectation that we can take effective action. My mom has enormously high cholesterol, but it is
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ASUC Lecture Notes Online Psychology 150 4/16/07 Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course 2 caused by genetic factors; no change in diet will help her. She believes there is nothing
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 150 taught by Professor Ayduk during the Spring '07 term at Berkeley.

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Psych150-Lecture24-4-16-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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