Psych150-Lecture29-5-2-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor Ozlem Ayduk 5/2/07 Lecture 29 ASUC Lecture Notes Online (formerly Black Lightning) is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Please do not share, copy or illegally distribute these notes. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course LECTURE Correction on Showers, 1996 Slide. The “Showers, 1996” slide was about positive mood 15 minutes after induction, not negative mood. Everything else that I said about it and in the slides is conceptually correct. Secure and Defensive High Self Esteem. Defensive high self-esteem is a face that is put forth to the world that masks underlying feelings of inferiority. Kohut wrote about narcissism and said that if the child gets too much or too little attention from their parents they may develop a grandiose sense of self, with high insecurity underneath. If the child’s needs are over-satisfied, and the child’s egocentric needs are constantly being met, the person grows up never knowing where their self ends and they do not develop an autonomous self concept and are not independent of their egocentric needs. They expect others to meet them. If they are under-satisfied and do not get enough of their needs met, as adults they are constantly trying to make sure their egocentric needs are fulfilled, so again they fail to develop an autonomous self. High self-esteem is a narcissistic defense; narcissists say they feel great and are the best, but underneath, they feel inferior to others. At the implicit level they feel inferior, though they explicitly act like they feel superior. Researchers looked at implicit and explicit self- esteem subjects and high narcissistic subjects. You have covered in sections the methods for measuring high self esteem implicitly and explicitly, so I will not discuss this. Researchers gave an explicit survey and looked at people with explicit high self esteem and implicit low self esteem; having both defines narcissism, which is insecure high self esteem. They wanted to see how they responded to ego threat. Do they express aggression in response to threat or not? We have to look at the etiology of narcissism, which as we have said, according to Kohut, can be grounded in parental neglect or parental over-indulgence. If they developed narcissism from parental rejection and neglect, then when threatened they may have the rage towards their parents reactivated. If they developed their narcissism because their parents overindulged their needs and they expect that from everyone, when someone fails to respond to them that way, they will also feel angry. They expect love so how can someone not react to them with love? So they respond to an ego threat with aggression. So according to Kohut, narcissists, whatever their etiology
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Psych150-Lecture29-5-2-2007 - PSYCHOLOGY 150 Professor...

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