October 16, 2008
Rex v. Bazeley
Central Criminal Court, 1799
Law: A breach of trust cannot, the rules of the common law, be converted into a felonious taking.
Facts: Bazeley is the principle teller at the bank.
B’s duty was to receive and pay money, notes and
bills at the counter.
In January 1799, he received bank notes and cash for deposit from W through his
servant. B credited W’s account but placed a bank note in his pocket, which eh later appropriated to his
He did not have constructive possession of the bank note.
Reasoning: It was never in their custody or under the control of the bank. If, at the very time he
received the note, he had no intent to steal it, it is no felony.
Issue: Whether the possession of the servant was, under the circumstances of this case, the possession
of the master.
Notes from the Case:
B has possession of the cash when he takes the money from the customer, but when he puts it in
the cash drawer, he has custody of the money.
D has lawful possession of property and then converts it for his own use.
People v. Ingram
California Court of Appeal, Fourth District, 1998
Law: Larceny: trespass in the taking Larceny by trick: When D obtains possession of, but not title to,
another’s poerptery by fraud or trickery; fraud vitiates consent and take the place of trespass.
Pretences: Through false representations and with the intent to steal, obtains both possession and title to
Issue: Is it larceny by trick or false pretences?
Notes from the Case:
People v. Whight
California Court of Appeal, 3
Law: False pretences: Gaining possession and title by fraud.
Facts: ATM card could still connect to his checking account that was cancelled because he had an
overdraft of $6.17.
SW customers could use their ATM bank cards to make purchases. WF would
verify the cards and if it didn’t, they would send them a code so SW could verify the purchase.
was an error in WF’s system because it did not notify SW that there was a problem with D’s card. D
was able to use his card at 4 different SW stores and received over $19,000.
D says he didn’t commit